عنوان مقاله [English]
As regards national identity and searching identity are every society’s basic and necessary issues, and textbooks are transfigurations of the nations’ cultural, educational, religious, political and social policies, the present research aimed at comparative studying the textbook of Social Studies of the 7th grade of junior secondary school and the textbooks of Social Education (history, geography and social education) of grade 1 of the former educational guidance school courses by means of national identity. The population of the study was the textbook of Social Studies of the 7th grade of junior secondary school printed in 1393 and the textbooks of Social education of grade 1 of the former educational guidance school courses including history, geography and social education, printed in 1390. Considering the subject and purpose of the study, all the courses of the textbooks were studied and analyzed. In the realm of descriptive research, the researcher has utilized descriptive statistics and chi square of inferential statistics. The findings show that there are the most frequency in the “social”, “geographical” and “historical” dimensions of the written content and the “cultural” dimension of pictorial content and the least frequency in the “religious” dimension in the textbook of Social Studies of the 7th grade of junior secondary school. In the written content of the textbooks of social education and history, the historical, political and cultural dimensions, and in the pictorial content the “cultural” dimension have been considered at most, and the “religious” dimension has been considered the least.